Kiran Sawhney

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Archive for the ‘calories in food’ Category

Loose weight – Burn calories

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To lose 1 pound, you theoretically have to cut back on 3850 calories per week or 550 calories per day. Instead of cutting back on calories alone, you can burn some calories by exercising.

One pound of body fat weight is approximately same as one pound of butter. If you look at a one pound package of butter, you will see it contains between 3850 calories. This means that each time a person burns 3850 more calories then what the person takes in, the person will loose one pound.

About 3,850 calories adds up to about 1 pound. This applies whether they are food calories coming in, or calories (burned by exercise) going out.
If you eat 3,850 calories more than your body needs, you will put on about 1 pound. If you use up 3,850 calories more than you eat, you will lose about 1 pound in weight.

Most trainers will tell you that to lose a pound of fat you need to have a 3500 calorie deficit between your intake and calories burned.

So one kilogram (2.2 lbs) of fat is 7,700 calorie.

One pound of body fat contains approximately 3,500 calories. This means that, in order to burn 1 pound of fat, you must have a calorie deficit of 3,500 calories. Therefore, to lose 1 pound of fat per week, you need to have a 500 calorie deficit each day.
What do we mean when we say calorie deficit?
You need to burn (spend) 500 calories more than you eat (earn) each week.
To lose weight, the number of calories burned must be greater than the number of calories you eat. It is that simple. When you have a calorie deficit you will experience fat and weight loss.
We can create that calorie deficit in any number of ways. We can eat 500 calories less per day, we can burn 500 extra calories per day through exercise, or we can use a combination of the two. Any combination will lead to fat loss.

The more you weigh the more calories you burn walking per mile; the less you weigh the fewer calories you burn per mile. The amount of calories you burn per mile is equal to double your weight in pounds divided by 3.5. For example, if you weigh 175 pounds, you burn 2 x 175 = 350 / 3.5 = 100 calories per mile. Since there are 3500 calories in 1 lb. of body fat, a 175-pound person needs to walk 35 miles. A 125-pound person burns about 71 calories per mile, and would need to walk 49 miles.
Anaerobic activity. If you are very heavy, moving your bodyweight over distance is much more strenuous and thus becomes increasingly more anaerobic instead of aerobic.

As a result, your muscles burn more glycogen instead of fat for fuel. Get off your feet by cycling or rowing instead of walking. A person who walks very rapidly may also burn a greater amount of glycogen. Slow down and go a little longer. Although high-intensity aerobic activity is great for cardio-conditioning, distance is the most important factor when going for body-fat loss. Most people can go farther at a slower pace.

Your calorie intake. Regardless how much you walk and how many calories you burn from fat, if you increase your calorie intake to replace all the calories you burned, you will not lose any body fat.

The 4 Step Process to Approximate How Many Calories You Should Eat for Fat Loss

So, how many calories should you eat to lose 1 or 2 pounds of fat per week?
The method below will allow us to determine our target calorie intake per day for weight loss. The calculations below will help you to (approximately) determine how many calories you need to lose weight safely (1 to 2 pounds per week).
The method is a 4-step method:
Determine your weight and % body fat: A large part of you metabolism (the process by which you food is turned into energy) is determined by how much muscle you have (you lean body mass). The more lean body mass you have, the faster your metabolism.
Example: You weight 200 pounds and have 25% Body Fat

The next step involves calculating your lean body mass, or the total weight you are carrying NOT from fat.
Example: Let’s say you weight 200 pounds, and you have 25% body fat. You would calculate you lean body mass with the following formula:
Body Weight x (100% – Percent Body Fat) = Lean Body Mass
200 x (100% – 25%) = 150 pounds

Note: If you do not know your lean body mass, do not worry. Use “0%” in the above calculation. The result below will still give you a good starting point for determining how many calories you should eat per day to lose weight from fat. If you do not lose weight at an acceptable rate, simply adjust your calories down by 200 per day, until you are losing 1 to 2 pounds per week. Also, the higher your body fat percentage, the less accurate the calculations to determine how many calories you need each day to burn fat will be.

Now, you should determine the baseline (approximate) number calories burned per day by multiplying by lean body mass by:
11 if you do little or no exercise at all
13 if you do light exercise (1 to 2 hours per week) (most of us)
15 if you do moderate exercise (3 to 5 hours per week)
17 if you do heavy exercise (6 or more hours per week)

Example: Let’s say you do light exercise each week (1 to 2 hours per week), in your efforts to burn fat. Therefore you would use the following calculation to determine the appropriate number of calories you burn per day:
150 x 13 = 1950 calories burned per day
Note: Multiplying your lean body mass by 11 is an approximation of your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) and Lifestyle Factors.

Now we can calculate approximately how many calories you need to lose 1 or 2 pounds per week. As we said before, to lose 1 pound per week, you should have a calorie deficit of 3500 calories per week. Therefore, subtract 500 calories per day for each pound you want to lose per week.

Example: If you would like to know how many calories you need to burn one pound of fat in our example, you simply subtract the 500 calories from your baseline of 1950 calories.
1950 – 500 = 1450 calories per day to lose 1 pound of fat per week

Example: To burn two pounds of fat, you need to subtract 1000 calories from your baseline to determine how many calories you need.
1950 – 1000 = 950 calories per day to lose 2 pounds of fat per week
You will notice that there is a trade off between the amount of exercise you perform each week and the number of calories you can eat to burn fat. If you were undertaking 3 to 5 hours of exercise per week (moderate exercise), then you can eat up to 1750 calories per week to lose a pound of fat per week.

Important: You should strive to lose no more than 1 to 2 pounds per week. Consult a physician before beginning any weight loss program.

However, you should not consume less than 1200 calories per day if you are dieting for extended periods. Diets which are less than 1200 calories per day are not nutritionally adequate and over a period of time, you may not be getting enough of certain nutrients.

Every one uses calories at all time. There may be some exceptions to this rule, for most of us; the rate of use, even when we are resting, we use 65 calories per hour minimum. This comes to1560 calories per day. The actual range is between 65 and 100 calories per hour. This is consistent with heart rate of 60 to 80 bits per minute.

When one tries to loose weight, one should loose excess fat; there should be a healthy loss of weight. Loosing muscles tissue is unhealthy.

Any time there is depletion of fat beyond certain level, the body reacts by slowing down metabolism, so that it can build up fat. If the body is use to say 2000 calories per day and detects only 1500 calories per day for considerable length of time it reacts to the situation by reducing the rate of metabolism. When this happens one need to help body by increasing activity. Usually takes about four weeks for body to react.

This is a rear occurrence, when here is no weight loss at 1500 calories in take level, do not panic. The body has slowed down the metabolism to such a great extent that you must help it. The only way to help is to increase activities, this means you have to exercise. You do not need to join Gym but you can go on an an half an hour walk every day or batter still engage in a power walk for same duration. Power walk burns 250 calories per hour and walk burns 100 calories per hour approximately.

Females require little more body fat then men. In the absence of certain required level of body fat, females are not able to function properly; in particular they may not be able to conceive.

Water is a universal solvent, means it dissolves almost every thing at least in very minute quantities. This helps purification of body.

Eat

What should be your proportionate in take of fat, Proteins and Complex Carbohydrates?

This depends on what your needs are.

1. Need to reduce fat.

Fat: 10 percent of 1500 calorie per day = 150 calories.
Complex Carbohydrates: 30 percent of 1500 calories per day = 450 calories.
Proteins: 60 percent of 1500 calories per day = 900 calories.

2. Need more energy.

Fat: 10 percent of 1500 calorie per day = 150 calories.
Complex Carbohydrates: 40 percent of 1500 calories per day = 450 calories.
Proteins: 50 percent of 1500 calories per day = 750 calories.

3. Need to reduce weight only.

Fat: 25 percent of 1500 calorie per day = 375 calories.
Complex Carbohydrates: 25 percent of 1500 calories per day = 375 calories.
Proteins: 50 percent of 1500 calories per day = 750 calories.

4. Need to increase muscles bulk, but still reduce weight.

Fat: 10 percent of 1500 calorie per day = 150 calories.
Complex Carbohydrates: 15 percent of 1500 calories per day = 225 calories.
Proteins: 75 percent of 1500 calories per day = 1125 calories.
Exercise the muscles you want to develop, you can find right exercise on line, recommend use of light weights.

Foot note: To take fat is so important, while reducing even fat, that it is included in all cases. If the fat is completely cut out, body will think of producing the fat, and will produce the fat by reducing metabolism, without fat in take, you may actually again weight even at lower than 1500 calorie level. You will feel run down and lethargic.

How one must, drink and eat?

Drink

Every one may not be able to follow this regime.

A 16 oz glass of water fist thing in the morning will be very healthy start.
If you need to stabilize your stomach before eating, you can have a glass of water just before each and every meal. This is the easiest way to meet your quota of gallon of liquids.

Eat

To day almost half the world is starving.

In western culture. Standard healthy practice for long time was three warm square meals per day. No eating in between, but children were allowed night cap.

All that has changed, present thinking is 5 to 6 times per day. Any way what practice one follows is up to them; to each his own.

Another best practice will be a glass of water before bed time, nothing to eat for two hours before bed time.

Written by kiransawhney

May 14, 2009 at 7:19 am

Russell Peter, Madonna

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Today I went for Russell Peter live show which was held in Sirifort. I loved it. But I had gone with my two teenaged boys and it was a bit embarrassing to be with them and hear him constantly swear. Rest we had our dose of laughter medicine.

My client today asked me as to what Madonna does for her workout.

Madonna is really old, but she’s in amazing shape! She can put young girls to shame with her toned body. Madonna is a devotee of Ashtanga Yoga, which is a particularly strenuous form of yoga. Kareena Kapoor who achieved size 0 also claims that power Yoga helped her achieve that. Madonna is regularly spotted cycling to the gym. That’s two workouts in one! A healthy diet is also part of Madonna’s game plan. She barely touches junk food, preferring a diet of natural unrefined foods, like whole grains and tons of vegetables. Similar statement about diet plan was also made by Kareena.

Power Yoga is really strenuous. Unlike other forms of Yoga, this is not static. It is dynamic. You continue to move and hence there is cardio and strength training involved. My clients who have done this form with me, absolutely agree that it is a killer workout. It burns about 800 calories in an hour approximately.

I have recently launched a DVD of one hour of workout of Power Yoga which is selling like hot cakes. Many people are working out at home along with the DVD and emailing me that the weight loss which is happening is “to be seen to be believed”. No equipment required. No gym, no trainer.

I am ecstatic with the feedback.

Written by kiransawhney

October 29, 2008 at 6:00 pm

Ai- Japanese restaurant

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Last night I went to a beautiful lounge on the Terrace of Metropolitan Mall in Saket. It is caled Ai. It serves Japanese cuisine. Ai in Japanese means Love. It had opened few days back.

Of course, since I am fasting during Navratras, so all I had was a fresh juice, but I was awestruck by the ambience and music.
I also saw the menu and healthy food options available. Arjun Rampal was also there (not on the menu. I mean live). But he politely refused to oblige Yours Truly with a picture. His Loss- I must say.

Now coming back to our main topic- Japanese food and how healthy it is. Do you know that- Life expectancy in Japan is the highest in the world. The Japanese diet includes foods with very low cholesterol content and is practically free from the saturated (“bad”) fats. Instead, the Japanese diet abounds in seafood: fish, rich in polyunsaturated (“good”) fats (in particular, eicosopentaenoic acid, EPA), and the seaweeds Kombu (from warm waters) and Nori (from cold waters) . These contain high amounts of iodine as well as minerals and microelements which are both healthy and also impart to Japanese food its inimitable flavor.

Some basic ingredients of healthy Japanese cooking are- Tofu, Shiitake mushrooms, Prawn – shellfish, Soba noodles- made from buckwheat flour, Wakame – seaweed. Japanese food offers seafood, vegetables, and noodle-based dishes. Japanese food offers seafood, vegetables, and noodle-based dishes.

If in doubt, looked for an entree that is described as steamed, grilled or roasted. It is also possible to request brown rice at Japanese restaurants.

If you like sushi, you’re in luck because maki sushi, salmon, and tuna sashimi are all excellent choices.

An interesting and smart choice at a Japanese restaurant is to share shabu-shabu. This is a dish that multiple diners share by dipping meats and vegetables into a simmering broth. It’s similar to eating fondue, but a lot less fattening since the broth takes the place of cheese.

Japanese food can be flavorful without adding extra fat with the use of diet-friendly sauces such as ponzu, soy sauce, rice-wine vinegar, wasabi, ginger, and mirin.

The dish to avoid at any Japanese restaurant would be tempura. Tempura is a battered, deep-fried dish consisting of vegetables or a seafood and a variety of dipping sauces.

If you’re interested in the true Japanese experience, why not try chopsticks? Each time you take a bite, you’ll be eating less because you can’t grasp as much food with them. You will automatically eat more slowly (which will help you eat less and enjoy your food more). You will also be more likely to realize when you are full and stop eating due to the slower pace.

Written by kiransawhney

October 5, 2008 at 10:32 am

Keeping Fit During Diwali

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Keeping trim during Diwali festivities would seem to be a paradox because mithai and Diwali go hand in hand with each other. You give and receive laddoos, barfis & chocolates as gifts and they certainly aren’t low in calories! Keeping fit is also difficult because shopping trips, traffic, and fatigue (because of the shopping and traffic) disrupt your regular fitness routine.

Does this mean you should give up and resign yourself to gaining, on the average, seven pounds by the time December rolls around? Not if you consider these suggestions for a healthy and guilt-free festive season.

Eat only the foods you really enjoy.
Special (usually high calorie) foods are part of this special season. Food plays a big part in celebrations and parties. It would be miserable to have to gnaw on salads while watching everyone else descend on the food-laden family table. Let yourself go and join in the festivities. However, limit yourself to eating only those foods you really enjoy. Do not use the season as an excuse to over-indulge in everything else.

Use the same control when it comes to all those food goodies you receive as gifts. If you don’t really like kaju katli, you don’t have to eat them. Give them away at the office or to charitable institutions. Keep and enjoy only those gifts you really like to eat. Don’t waste your calories.

Watch out for emotional eating.
Parties can be a very stressful time. Watch out for stuffing your mouth to relieve some of that stress. Use other means to relax like a soothing massage, lighting aroma candles, decorating & cleaning the house.

Get enough sleep.
It’s easy to lack sleep during the parties. There’s always one more party to attend. Believe it or not, some studies have shown that when people are short on sleep, they eat more. It’s as though the body is trying to obtain energy from food that was meant to come from adequate rest.

Have realistic expectations.
Diwali is not the time to try and lose weight. Consider yourself successful just to maintain your weight. Don’t feel guilty either if, in spite of your best efforts, you put on a pound or two. A few pounds are easily taken care of when your schedule gets back to normal in December.

Beware the “all-or-nothing” attitude.
This time can be deadly if you have the “all-or-nothing” attitude towards food. This attitude says: “What’s the use? I overate during the Diwali party. I might as well stop watching what I eat and go all the way”. Going all the way means giving up all control, eating every fattening morsel that comes your way, feeling terribly guilty, eating some more, etc. So what if you succumbed to the Chocolate Cake? It’s not the end of the world. You can always eat a light low-calorie dinner to balance it out.

Create lower calorie versions of high calorie favorites.
If you are talented in the kitchen, consider modifying some of your favorite recipes to make them lower in total calorie content. For example, lessen the amount of sugar by ¼ of what the recipe calls for. Most people will not even notice the difference. Use brown instead of white sugar. You will use fewer calories if you use loosely packed brown sugar instead of the same amount of white sugar. Or when the recipe calls for milk, use skim milk instead of full-cream milk. It’s worth experimenting because any which way you can cut calories makes in a difference in the long run.

Eat low-calorie at home, high-calorie when eating out.
To really enjoy all the rich food that is served at parties without putting on too much weight, eat low calorie meals at home to even out the total damage. To eat high calorie meals in and out of the home all holiday season long will spell disaster on the scale when the day of reckoning comes.

Modify your fitness routine.
You need exercise now more than any other time during the year to manage stress levels and to burn off all those excess calories that come disguised as gifts from well-meaning friends. The problem is it can be very difficult to maintain your regular fitness routine as the Diwali comes closer because of frenzied shopping and chaotic traffic.

Instead of not exercising at all, try modifying your usual routine by cutting down on either the frequency or the duration of your workouts. If you are used to working out daily, try cutting it down to two to three times a week. If you are used to one-hour workouts, try doing only thirty minutes. The whole point is that you should continue to do some exercise instead of none at all. Not only will this maintain your fitness till the end of year, but it will also help calm your frazzled nerves.

Written by kiransawhney

October 1, 2008 at 6:00 pm

Navratra food/fast/ diet

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These days I am fasting during Navratras. So are most of my clients. People do keep asking me what all they can have during the 9 day fasts. Some people do it for religious reasons, while others do it for dieting. Is typical Navratra food real low in calories? Everywhere in Delhi, there are advertisements about Navratra food/thali/platters being sold. Haldiram has many options. When we were kids, mom used to make exotic Navratra dishes at home. But now I see most of the people going to eat Navratra food available at Nirula’s, Evergreen, etc.

Typical Navratra food is fattening. Kuttu ki roti/puri are heavy. People fry the potatoes, swang ke chawal, saboodana ki tikki or khichdi, kheer, saboodana papad, pakodas- these are all high calorie foods, which would make you put on weight rather than loosing it.

What I do is have milk and milk products. Chach is my all time favorite. Low fat yogurt, smoothie, raita of cucumber, boiled potato is other option. I also have low fat paneer (cottage cheese), all fruits and some salads like cucumber etc. To make it little spicy, I add a dash of lemon and sendha namak (This is the salt which is ideally to be had during vrat). You can also have a handful of nuts.

Yesterday, I was out with my friend most of the day, and did not get to eat much. We were famished by evening and did not want to eat a full heavy Navratra thali. We were thinking about nutritious, healthy, low calorie options. We were in Select City Walk Mall. So the restaurant we chose there was Sattvik. It is a pure vegetarian restaurant. Sattvik also had exotic Navratra thali. But instead what we ordered was something from their drinks menu. I had a drink called Nirvana. It came in full pineapple, which was scooped hollow from inside. It was an amazing blend of strawberries, pineapple etc. I found it so refereshing, filling and rejuvinating. My friend had another drink callled Maya. This was beautiful pink colored frizzy drink. One drink and we were full. So you see there are low calorie healthy options available. You just need to be prudent while considering your options.

But for those of you, who do not care about the weight and want variety of foods during Navratras, there are many interesting websites, that have recipes of various Navratra delicacies.

Written by kiransawhney

October 1, 2008 at 4:19 pm

Navratra food/fast/ diet

leave a comment »

These days I am fasting during Navratras. So are most of my clients. People do keep asking me what all they can have during the 9 day fasts. Some people do it for religious reasons, while others do it for dieting. Is typical Navratra food real low in calories? Everywhere in Delhi, there are advertisements about Navratra food/thali/platters being sold. Haldiram has many options. When we were kids, mom used to make exotic Navratra dishes at home. But now I see most of the people going to eat Navratra food available at Nirula’s, Evergreen, etc.

Typical Navratra food is fattening. Kuttu ki roti/puri are heavy. People fry the potatoes, swang ke chawal, saboodana ki tikki or khichdi, kheer, saboodana papad, pakodas- these are all high calorie foods, which would make you put on weight rather than loosing it.

What I do is have milk and milk products. Chach is my all time favorite. Low fat yogurt, smoothie, raita of cucumber, boiled potato is other option. I also have low fat paneer (cottage cheese), all fruits and some salads like cucumber etc. To make it little spicy, I add a dash of lemon and sendha namak (This is the salt which is ideally to be had during vrat). You can also have a handful of nuts.

Yesterday, I was out with my friend most of the day, and did not get to eat much. We were famished by evening and did not want to eat a full heavy Navratra thali. We were thinking about nutritious, healthy, low calorie options. We were in Select City Walk Mall. So the restaurant we chose there was Sattvik. It is a pure vegetarian restaurant. Sattvik also had exotic Navratra thali. But instead what we ordered was something from their drinks menu. I had a drink called Nirvana. It came in full pineapple, which was scooped hollow from inside. It was an amazing blend of strawberries, pineapple etc. I found it so refereshing, filling and rejuvinating. My friend had another drink callled Maya. This was beautiful pink colored frizzy drink. One drink and we were full. So you see there are low calorie healthy options available. You just need to be prudent while considering your options.

But for those of you, who do not care about the weight and want variety of foods during Navratras, there are many interesting websites, that have recipes of various Navratra delicacies.

Written by kiransawhney

October 1, 2008 at 4:19 pm

Navratra food/fast/ diet

leave a comment »

These days I am fasting during Navratras. So are most of my clients. People do keep asking me what all they can have during the 9 day fasts. Some people do it for religious reasons, while others do it for dieting. Is typical Navratra food real low in calories? Everywhere in Delhi, there are advertisements about Navratra food/thali/platters being sold. Haldiram has many options. When we were kids, mom used to make exotic Navratra dishes at home. But now I see most of the people going to eat Navratra food available at Nirula’s, Evergreen, etc.

Typical Navratra food is fattening. Kuttu ki roti/puri are heavy. People fry the potatoes, swang ke chawal, saboodana ki tikki or khichdi, kheer, saboodana papad, pakodas- these are all high calorie foods, which would make you put on weight rather than loosing it.

What I do is have milk and milk products. Chach is my all time favorite. I have low fat paneer, all fruits and some salads like cucumber etc. To make it little spicy, I add a dash of lemon and sendha namak (This is the salt which is ideally to be had during vrat). You can also have a handful of nuts.

Yesterday, I was out with my friend most of the day, and did not get to eat much. We were famished by evening and did not want to eat a full heavy Navratra thali. We were thinking about nutritious, healthy, low calorie options. We were in Select City Walk Mall. So the restaurant we chose there was Sattvik. It is a pure vegetarian restaurant. Sattvik also had exotic Navratra thali. But instead what we ordered was something from their drinks menu. I had a drink called Nirvana. It came in full pineapple, which was scooped hollow from inside. It was an amazing blend of strawberries, pineapple etc. I found it so refereshing, filling and rejuvinating. My friend had another drink callled Maya. This was beautiful pink colored frizzy drink. One drink and we were full. So you see there are low calorie healthy options available. You just need to be prudent while considering your options.

But for those of you, who do not care about the weight and want variety of foods during Navratras, there are many interesting websites, that have recipes of various Navratra delicacies.

Written by kiransawhney

October 1, 2008 at 4:19 pm